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In ancient times these islands were referred to as "the Islands of the Blessed" or the "Fortunate Isles". The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers Espresso das ilhas online dating and colonized the islands, establishing the first European settlement Espresso das ilhas online dating the tropics.

Ideally located for the Atlantic slave tradethe islands grew prosperous throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, attracting merchants, privateersand pirates. The end of slavery in the 19th century led to economic decline and Espresso das ilhas online dating. Cape Verde gradually recovered as an important commercial center and stopover for shipping routes.

Incorporated as an overseas department of Portugal inthe islands continued to campaign for independence, which was peacefully achieved in Since the early s, Cape Verde has been Espresso das ilhas online dating stable representative democracyand remains one of the most developed and democratic countries in Africa.

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Lacking natural resources, its developing economy is mostly service-oriented, with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment. Espresso das ilhas online dating population of aroundis mostly of mixed European, MoorishEspresso das ilhas online dating and African Espresso das ilhas online dating, and predominantly Roman Catholic, reflecting the legacy of Portuguese rule.

A sizeable diaspora community exists across the world, slightly outnumbering inhabitants on the islands. Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the archipelago and, since independence infor the country.

Inthe Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation Cabo Verde would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at the United Nationseven in English contexts. Cape Verde is a member of the African Union. Espresso das ilhas online dating name of the country stems Espresso das ilhas online dating the nearby Cap-Verton the Senegalese coast.

On 24 Octoberthe country's Espresso das ilhas online dating announced at the United Nations that the official name should no longer be translated into Espresso das ilhas online dating languages. Espresso das ilhas online dating the arrival of Europeans, the Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited.

Ribeira Grande was the first permanent European settlement in the tropics. In the 16th century, the archipelago prospered from the Atlantic slave trade. Francis Drakean English privateertwice sacked the then capital Ribeira Grande in when it was Espresso das ilhas online dating part of the Iberian Union.

Decline in the slave trade in the 19th century resulted in an economic crisis. Cape Verde's early prosperity slowly vanished. However, the islands' position astride mid-Atlantic shipping lanes made Cape Verde an ideal location for Espresso das ilhas online dating ships. With few natural resources and inadequate sustainable investment from the Portuguese, the citizens grew increasingly discontented with the colonial masters, who Espresso das ilhas online dating refused to provide the local authorities with more autonomy.

InPortugal changed Cape Verde's status from a colony to an overseas province in an attempt to blunt growing nationalism. It demanded improvement in economic, social and political conditions in Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea and formed the basis of the two nations' independence movement.

Portuguese Guinea declared independence in and was granted de jure independence in On 30 JuneCape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments Espresso das ilhas online dating independence from Portugal on 5 July Problems have since been resolved and relations between the countries are good. Responding Espresso das ilhas online dating growing Espresso das ilhas online dating for pluralistic democracy, the PAICV called an emergency congress in February to discuss proposed constitutional changes to end one-party rule.

Together, they campaigned for the right to contest the presidential election scheduled for December Espresso das ilhas online Espresso das ilhas online dating one-party state was abolished 28 Septemberand the first multi-party elections were held in January The party won 50 of the National Assembly's 72 seats. Espresso Espresso das ilhas online dating ilhas online dating February presidential election returned President Espresso das ilhas online dating to office.

Cape Verde is a stable semi-presidential representative democratic republic. The president is the head of state and is elected by popular Espresso das ilhas online dating for a 5-year term.

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The prime minister is the head of government and proposes other ministers and secretaries of state. The prime minister is nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president. Separate courts hear civil, constitutional, and criminal cases.

Appeal is to the Supreme Court. Cape Verde follows a policy of nonalignment and seeks cooperative relations with all friendly states. Cape Verde has bilateral relations with some Lusophone nations and holds membership in a number of international organisations.

Having fought their only war for independence against Portugal between Espresso das ilhas online dating efforts of the Caboverdean Armed Forces have now been turned to combating international drug trafficking.

The operation took more than three years, being a secret operation during the first two years, and ended in Although located in Africa, Cape Verde has always had close relations with Europe. Espresso das ilhas online dating most recent engagement of the Armed Forces was the Monte Tchota massacre that resulted in 11 deaths. Cape Verde is often praised [ citation needed ] as an example among African nations for its stability and developmental growth despite its lack of natural resources.

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Among other achievements, it has been recognised with the following assessments:. The largest island, both in size and population, is Santiago, which hosts the nation's capital, Praia, the principal urban agglomeration in the archipelago.

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Three of the Cape Verde islands, Sal, Boa Vista and Maio, are fairly flat, Espresso das ilhas online dating, and dry; the others Espresso das ilhas online dating generally rockier with more vegetation. Geologically, the islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4, square kilometres 1, square milesare principally composed of igneous rockswith volcanic structures and pyroclastic debris comprising the majority of the archipelago's total volume.

The volcanic and plutonic rocks are distinctly basic; the archipelago is a soda-alkaline petrographic province, with a petrologic succession similar to that found in other Macaronesian islands. Magnetic anomalies identified in the vicinity of the archipelago indicate that the structures forming the islands date back — million years: The first stage of volcanism in the islands began in the early Mioceneand reached Espresso das ilhas online dating peak at the end of this period, when the islands reached their maximum sizes.

Historical Espresso das ilhas online dating within human settlement has been restricted to the island of Fogo. The origin of the islands' volcanism has been attributed to a hotspotassociated with bathymetric swell that formed the Cape Verde Rise.

Most recently erupting inPico do Fogo is the largest active volcano in the region. It has Espresso das ilhas online dating 8 kilometres 5 miles Espresso das ilhas online dating calderawhose rim is 1, metres 5, feet altitude and an interior cone that rises to 2, metres 9, feet above sea level.

The caldera resulted from subsidence, following the partial evacuation eruption of the magma chamber, along a cylindrical column from within magma chamber at a depth of 8 kilometres 5 miles. Extensive salt flats are found on Sal and Maio.

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According to the president of NauruCape Verde has been ranked the eighth most endangered nation due to flooding from climate change. Cape Verde's climate is milder than that of the African mainland, because the surrounding sea moderates temperatures on the islands and cold Atlantic currents produce an arid atmosphere around the archipelago.

Conversely, the islands do not receive the upwellings cold streams that affect the West African coast, so the air temperature is cooler than in Senegal, but the sea is warmer, because the orographic relief of some islands, such as Santiago with steep mountains, cover it with rich woods and luxuriant vegetation where the humid air condenses and Espresso das ilhas online dating the plants, rocks, soil, logs, moss, etc.

Most of the year's rain falls in September. Sal, Boa Vista and Maio have a flat landscape and arid climate, the remaining ones are generally rockier Espresso das ilhas online dating have more vegetation. Because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the landscape is arid. Most rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist. Praia, on the southeast coast, is the largest city of the island and the largest city and capital of the country. Because of their proximity to the Sahara, most of the Cape Verde islands are dry, but on islands with high mountains and farther Espresso das ilhas Espresso das ilhas online dating dating from the coast, by orography, the humidity is much higher, providing a Espresso das ilhas online dating habitat, although much affected by the human presence.

Northeastern slopes of high mountains often receive a lot of rain while southwest slopes do not. These umbria areas are identified with cool and moisture.

Western Hemisphere-bound hurricanes often have their early beginnings near the Cape Verde Islands. These are referred to as Cape Verde-type hurricanes. Espresso das ilhas online dating hurricanes can become very intense as they cross Espresso das ilhas online dating Atlantic waters away from Cape Verde.

The average hurricane season has about two Cape Verde-type Espresso das ilhas online dating, which are usually the largest and most intense storms of the season because they often have plenty of warm open ocean over which to develop Espresso das ilhas online dating encountering land. The five largest Atlantic tropical cyclones on record have been Cape Verde-type hurricanes. Most of the longest-lived tropical cyclones in the Atlantic basin are Cape Verde hurricanes.

The islands themselves have only been struck by hurricanes twice in recorded history since Cape Verde's isolation has resulted in the islands having a number of endemic speciesparticularly birds and reptiles, many of which are endangered by human development. Endemic birds include Alexander's swift Apus alexandriBourne's heron Ardea purpurea bourneithe Raso lark Alauda razaethe Cape Verde warbler Acrocephalus brevipennisand the Iago sparrow Passer iagoensis.

Reptiles Espresso das ilhas online dating the Cape Verde giant gecko Tarentola gigas. Cape Verde is divided into 22 municipalities concelhos and subdivided into 32 parishes freguesiasbased on the religious parishes that existed during the colonial period:. Cape Verde's notable economic growth and improvement in living conditions despite a lack of natural resources has garnered international recognitionwith other countries and international organizations Espresso das ilhas online dating providing development aid.

Sincethe UN has classified it as a developing nation rather than a least developed country. Cape Verde has few natural resources. Mineral resources include salt, pozzolana a volcanic rock used in cement productionand limestone. A number of wine tours of Cape Verde's various microclimates began to be offered in spring and can be arranged through the Espresso das ilhas online dating office.

Light manufacturing accounts for most of the remainder. Fish and shellfish are plentiful, and small quantities are exported.

Cape Verde has cold storage and freezing facilities and fish processing plants in Mindelo, Praia, and on Sal. Espresso das ilhas online datingthe government has pursued market-oriented economic policies, including an open welcome to foreign investors and a far-reaching privatization programme.

It established as top development priorities the promotion of a market economy and of the private sector; the development of tourismlight manufacturing industries, and fisheries; and the development of transportcommunicationsand energy facilities. It is one of the top countries for renewable energy. Between andreal GDP increased on average by over 7 percent a year, well above the average for Sub-Saharan countries and faster than most small island economies in the region.

Strong economic performance was bolstered by one of the fastest growing tourism industries Espresso das ilhas online dating the world, as well as by substantial capital inflows that allowed Cape Verde to Espresso das ilhas online dating up national currency reserves to the current 3.

Unemployment has been falling rapidly, and the country is on track to achieve most of the UN Millennium Development Goals — including Espresso das ilhas online dating its poverty level.

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Cape Verde has significant cooperation with Portugal Espresso das ilhas online dating every level of the economy, which has led it to link its currency first to the Portuguese escudo and, into the euro. Cape Verde's strategic location at the crossroads of mid-Atlantic air and sea lanes has been enhanced by significant improvements at Mindelo 's harbour Porto Grande and at Sal's and Praia's international airports.

Ship repair facilities at Mindelo were opened in The major ports are Mindelo and Praia, but all other islands have smaller port facilities.

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